Denver Hardwood Flooring Services
An average refinish job (3 rooms or approximately 400 to 500 square feet) usually takes 3 to 4 days to complete. Certain circumstances may require more steps in the process therefore adding more time.
The basics involved in a refinishing job are as follows: the floor is rough-sanded to remove the old finish. A wood filler, which matches the general color of the wood, is then troweled over the entire surface of the floor.
In the case of top nailed or surface-nailed floors, each nail is set by hand prior to the application of filler, in order to ensure that each nail hole will accept filler. Once the filler is dry, the floor is sanded again with a finer sand paper to remove any excess filler and smooth out rough sanding marks.
Next, a very fine sand paper is used for the final sanding pass, to remove any sanding marks left by previous passes. The floor is then screened, a process similar to sanding, but using a milder abrasive screen with a buffer instead of sand paper. At this stage, the floor is vacuumed, stained if necessary and the first coat of finish applied. The successive coats of finish are then applied, often with an additional screening between coats.
For customers who have a specific color scheme in mind, Alpine Flooring can stain oak floors to almost any color. (Staining fir or maple floors is not recommended) Brown-tone stains are most common, add cost, and require an extra days of dry time. Pastel, white or "designer" stains also require extra dry time and are more expensive than brown tone stains.
We have extensive experience matching stains to existing wood, but this is not an exact science, and Alpine Flooring disclaims liability for slight imperfections in match. Whenever possible, we show our customers stain samples on their floor during the finishing process so customers can see their chosen stain on the existing floor.
Careful selection is important; stains cannot be lightened or darkened once it has been applied, and re-sanding to re-stain the floor cannot be performed without an added charge.
New Floor Installation
An average installation will typically cover approximately 200 square feet per day. A lot will depend on the installation method as well as the floor plan. Large open rooms will go in much quicker than smaller space with cabinets of plumbing fixtures to navigate.
There are three main types of installation methods: nail down, glue down, and floating and the type of flooring you choose and the sub floor will determine the method of installation.
The Nail Down Method - Hardwood Flooring
The nail down method is most commonly used for solid pre-finished or site finished flooring. The material is milled with a tongue and groove on either side of the length of the board as well as the ends of the board.
Each board is then fastened, with either a staple or a nail on a 45 degree angle, through the tongue on the long side of the board. The nails are spaced approximately 8"-10" apart and no more than 2"-3" from the ends of the boards.
The groove of the next board fits over the tongue which provides strength as well as completely hides the previous staples. This continues through the entire floor and will ultimately give a solid, "squeak-free" floor.
Installation Using Glue - Hardwood Floors
When installing over a concrete floor, the glue method or floating method may be used. When gluing a floor down, a thin layer of adhesive is spread over the floor in workable sections. The boards are then set in the glue and use the same tongue and groove to hold them together.
Some floors may require them to be "rolled" with a heavy roller or weighted down until the glue sets. This can be a slower process than nailing due to the fact that each section may need to have time to set up before the next can be installed.
The Floating System - Comfortable and Quiet Floors
A floating system is where the individual sections of flooring are attached to each other either with glue or a "click lock" system. These boards are installed over a thin layer of foam padding that not only dampen the sound of footsteps, but also provides for a comfortable feel.
There are many product choices available for new floor installations, from traditional wood types and board dimensions to numerous prefinished and "engineered" flooring products. While there are products available in a wide price range, budget may be just one determinant in choosing a flooring material. Relative durability, design considerations, and sub floor type may also be important factors.
Alpine Flooring can repair voids or replace damaged boards in your floor. We will provide the same species and grade of wood as your existing flooring, but it is important to note will not always produce an exact match when replacing boards.
Alpine Flooring disclaims liability for any such discrepancies to the existing wood. Smaller imperfections, such as holes and gaps between boards, can be filled. Floors with wide gaps do not hold filler well over time, and customers should expect to do some remedial puttying, especially in high-traffic areas; Alpine Flooring does not unconditionally guarantee that filler will hold in your floor.
Base Moulding Installation
When re-finishing hardwood floors, we are typically able to sand right up to the base moulding. In some cases it may be scuffed and will need to be retouched by the homeowner.
We can also remove the existing base and install new base to match the floor. This is an option for both re-finishing or the installation of a new floor.
We can help you with: hardwood refinishing, floor staining, new floor installation, hardwood floor repair, and base moulding installation, contact us at Denver Alpine Flooring - by clicking here to get started.
Or call: 303-884-8020